The Ministry of Power has released a document containing the Vision and Roadmap for Smart Grids in India. A Smart Grid has automation, communication and IT systems and can monitor power flows from points of generation to points of consumption and control the power flow or curtail the load to match generation in real time or near real time. With the increasing share of renewable energy in the total energy mix, there is a need for smart grids in India to manage this efficiently ensuring stability and reliability. For this, the Ministry of Power had constituted India Smart Grid Task Force (ISGTF) and India Smart Grid Forum (ISGF) in 2010.
This roadmap was prepared keeping in view the ministry’s objective “access, availability and affordability of power for all”.
Some of the important points from this document regarding the vision, targets and outcomes are mentioned below:
- Electrification of 100% households by 2017 with uninterrupted life line supply – 8 hrs/day minimum including evening peak
- Reduce AT&C losses to below 15% by 2017, below 12% by 2022 and below 10% by 2027 by enabling programs and projects in distribution utilities
- Availability of an indigenous low cost smart meter by 2014
- Development of microgrids, storage options, virtual power plants (VPP), solar photovoltaic to grid (PV2G) and building to grid (B2G) technologies to manage peak demand, optimally use installed capacity and eliminate load shedding and black-outs
- Policies for mandatory roof top solar power generation for large establishments
- Efficient scheduling and dispatch of distributed energy sources to optimally balance different sources of energy generation to meet the goal of long term energy sustainability
- Setting up Renewable Energy Monitoring Centre’s (REMCs) and Energy Storage Systems for grid integration of renewable generation
- 50,000 kms of optical fiber cables to be installed over transmission lines by 2017 to support implementation of smart grid technologies
- Reduce transmission losses to below 4% by 2017 and below 3.5% by 2022 through programs and projects
- Facilitate evacuation and integration of 30 GW renewable capacity by 2017, 80 GW by 2022 and 130 GW by 2027
Policies, Standards and Regulations:
- Development of state/utility specific strategic roadmap(s) for implementation of smart grid technologies by 2014
- Policies for grid-interconnection for captive/consumer generation facilities including renewables; policies for rooftop solar, net metering/ feed-in tariff and policies for peaking power stations by 2014
- Development/adoption of appropriate standards for smart grid development in India – first set of standards by 2014
Following are the highlights of smart grid milestones and activities with respect to Policies and Tariffs, and Green Power and Energy Efficiency:
The National Smart Grid Mission is targeted to be launched in 2014 to implement the goals of this vision and roadmap.
For further information including all the highlights of smart grid milestones and activities, the original document can be downloaded here.